Posts Tagged ‘Hollywoodland’

History of the Hollywood Sign

Saturday, December 8th, 2018

  

The Hollywood Sign, which was officially completed on December 8, 1923, celebrates its 95th anniversary today. It has had a remarkable and turbulent history and has endured its share of problems, including a suicide leap from the H, squabbles over who should maintain it, markings from mountain-climbing spray painters, hassles among community groups about its worth, battles with local residents to keep hikers from it, and threats over the years to tear it down.

The sign has been a part of the local scenery for 95 years, longer than many city landmarks such as Grauman’s Chinese, City Hall, the Shrine Auditorium and UCLA. It even predates Mulholland Drive and is decades older than any freeway.

As many know, the Hollywood sign is the remnant of an advertisement for a 640-acre real-estate development. When it was erected in 1923, the sign spelled HOLLYWOODLAND, the name of the housing development on the slope below it. The sign, however, was an afterthought.

As with many Hollywood origins, the sign’s beginnings have more than one version. The one chosen for this article goes as follows:

In the spring of 1923, John Roche, a 26-year-old advertising and promotional man, was working on a brochure for the Hollywoodland subdivision. He had drawn in proposed home sites, streets and equestrian trails. Behind them, on the side of Mt. Lee, he had penciled in HOLLYWOODLAND.

Harry Chandler, then publisher of the Los Angeles Times, was one of the project’s developers. When Roche arrived at his office with the drawing, Chandler liked the idea and wanted to know if a sign could be erected that could be seen all over Los Angeles.

For a good perspective, Roche drove to Wilshire Boulevard, then a little, partially asphalted road, to see if he could see the mountain from there. Roche took photographs and made drawings of the Hollywood hills. Roche calculated that each letter would have to be 50 feet high to be visible from that distance. When he reported to Chandler that such a sign would be seen, the project began.

“I made a sketch almost that big,” Roche explained in 1977. “I took it to Mr. Chandler’s office about 11 one night – he sat in his office until midnight every night and would talk to anybody – and he said, ‘Go ahead and do it.’ We didn’t have engineers or anything. We just put it up.”

As Roche had determined, each individual letter was built 50-feet high and 30-feet wide. They were assembled on metal panels, each three-by-nine-feet, and painted white. The next step was attaching the panels to a framework that consisted of wires, scaffolding and telephone poles, which were brought up the steep hillside by mules.

Fifty to one-hundred laborers dug the holes with pick axes and shovels. An access road was completed so the enormous sheet metal letters could be brought in. The sign was completed in about 60 days at a cost of $21,000. Years later, Roche said: “I think we built it faster than you could today (1984).” Roche recalled the sign being lighted, but insisted there were no lights on the original HOLLYWOODLAND. “That came sometime later,” he said.

At some point, the sign was illuminated at night by 4,000, 20-watt bulbs, evenly spaced around the outside edge of each letter. This required a caretaker (Albert Kothe, who lived in a cabin behind the first “L”), who maintained the sign and its lighting system. To replace burned out bulbs, Kothe would climb onto the framework behind each letter, the new light bulbs tucked in his shirt.

Since it was planned to promote real-estate, it was not designed to survive the sale of the last lot. Public sentiment, however, led to keeping the sign long after its commercial function was over.

During the sign’s heyday, many stars bought homes in Hollywoodland. The highest lot above the sign was sold to comedy producer Mack Sennett, but he never built there. Sennett did use the sign, though, to pose bathing beauties between the O’s for publicity stills.

There have been rumors of several suicides from the sign, especially during the Depression years, but the only acknowledged death occurred in 1932, when Peg Entwistle, a young actress who came to Hollywood from the Broadway stage, jumped to her death from the letter “H.”

In 1939, the lights were extinguished when the maintenance fund was discontinued by the realtors. It’s rumored that soon after, all 4,000 bulbs were stolen.

In 1945, the development company that owned it donated the sign and the land surrounding it to the city’s Recreation and Parks Commission as an adjunct parcel to Griffith Park. The sign, by this point, had been neglected and vandalized for several years.

In January 1949, the “H” blew down in a windstorm, and nearby residents complained that the sign was a hazard and an eyesore. On January 6, the Recreation and Parks Commission announced that the sign would be torn down. They denied a request of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce to alter and repair the sign to read HOLLYWOOD.

Several days later, Councilman Lloyd G. Davies (who represented Hollywood) introduced a resolution before the City Council that the Chamber of Commerce would repair the sign, at an estimated cost of $5,000, furnish bond to guarantee its maintenance and provide the city with proper liability coverage, if the parks commission would consent. Davies said his district was sensitive about becoming known as “’OLLYWOOD.”

The parks commission later reversed its decision and allowed the first nine letters to be repaired, and removed the last four letters to read “HOLLYWOOD,” therefore transforming it from a commercial display into a community one.


By the early 1960s, weather again had taken a strong toll on the sign’s condition. At a cost of $4,500, it was restored by the Kiwanis. At irregular intervals, several civic groups had the metal facing repainted, but little structural maintenance was done.

In 1973, the city once again threatened to tear down the sign. The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce and local radio station KABC, began a “Save the Sign” campaign hoping to solicit $15,000 from the public to finance structural repairs, replace fallen facing panels, and give it a fresh coat of paint. That same year, the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Board designated it a monument, thus giving it dignity but no money.

One woman sent the repair fund a large check with a note: “My little girl in 1925 learned to spell from the sign.” Another recalled a proposal of marriage made to her in 1944 near the sign; she “foolishly” rejected it, but wondered how many accepted proposals were made there. A third woman calculated that if “All the couples who parked up there sent in $1, there would be more than enough.” Fortunately, the campaign was successful and the sign received a facelift and a reprieve–but it wouldn’t last for long.

On January 1, 1976, several young men, to mark the change in the marijuana law in California, masked the OOs with EEs made from white sheets. It read HOLLYWEED for a day.

A year later, the “D” became wobbly because of recent rainstorms and there was concern about how long it would stay in place. Up close, the sign creaked and rattled, even in a light wind. Its timbers were rotting. Sheet metal, rusted and corroded, fell from its face and loose securing cables dangled from some of the 50-foot high letters.

It was estimated that a replacement sign would go as high as $120,000. To generate interest in preserving the sign, a press conference was held at the base of the sign with invitations sent out accompanied by a snake bite kit.

CLICK HERE to watch the opening credits (3 minutes) of Savage Intruder (1970), the last film of actress Miriam Hopkins. It has creepy, close-up, footage of the deteriorating Hollywood Sign before it’s restoration. 

The chamber hoped to use money that was raised in 1975 by KIIS radio station to do cosmetic work on the landmark. “But the sign is in such bad shape, it will do us no good to raise small amounts of money,” said Michael Sims, executive director of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. “We’re either going to lose it or take care of it. That’s going to be up to Hollywood. What we really need now is a guardian angel.”

A few months later, in April 1977, the sign was altered to read HOLYWOOD for Easter Sunrise service, viewable from the Hollywood Bowl.

The following winter, the final blow came as wind and heavy rainstorms once again took a toll on the sign. The top of the first O fell off, the Y buckled inward toward the hillside, and the last O collapsed completely.

A campaign was established once again to “Save the Sign.” Eventually, after several efforts to raise money was not sufficient, nine donors came forward; each chose a letter and contributed $27,777.

The donors who paid for each letter included: (H) newspaper publisher, Terrance Donnelly; (O) Italian movie producer, Giovanni Mazza; (L) Les Kelly (Kelly Blue Book); (L) Gene Autry; (Y) Hugh Heffner; (W) Andy Williams; (O) Warner Bros. Records; (O) Alice Cooper, in memory of Groucho Marx; (D) Dennis Lidtke.

The new letters, made of steel, were unveiled on Hollywood’s (so-called) 75th anniversary, November 14, 1978.

Over the following years, unauthorized alterations have been made to the sign. In July 1987, it was changed to OLLYWOOD, (Ollie North) during the Iran-Contra hearings. During the Gulf War it read OIL WAR and in 1993, 20 members of UCLA’s Theta-Chi fraternity changed it to GO UCLA. The students were charged with trespassing, prompting the installation of a security system featuring video surveillance and motion detection. However, it didn’t prevent another institution of learning to alter it to CALTECH ten years later.

In any event, here’s hoping the Hollywood Sign will continue to look out over the Hollywood community for 95 more years and more.


Please follow and like us:

Hollywoodland Yuletide

Sunday, December 24th, 2017

Please follow and like us:

Anita Page Christmas

Wednesday, December 6th, 2017

Please follow and like us:

Merry Christmas from HOLLYWOODLAND

Thursday, December 24th, 2015

HOLIDAYS

.

x-mas-pickford2

.

_______________________________________

.

Please follow and like us:

Happy New Year from Hollywoodland and the WAMPAS Babies of 1926!!!

Wednesday, December 31st, 2014

HOLIDAYS

Happy New Year from Hollywoodland and the WAMPAS Baby Stars of 1926!!!

.

 newyears1.

How many future stars do you recognize??

_______________________________

.

 

Please follow and like us:

Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays!

Thursday, December 25th, 2014

HOLIDAYS!

Merry Christmas from Hollywoodland and Marion Davies!!!

.

xmas-davies

____________________________

.

Please follow and like us:

The 85th Annual Rudolph Valentino Memorial Service

Saturday, August 25th, 2012

RUDOLPH VALENTINO

Candids from the 85th Annual Rudolph Valentino Memorial Service

 

 

The annual service was held in the Cathedral Mausoleum at Hollywood Forever Cemetery on Thursday, August 23, 2012 at 12:10 PM

 

 

 

The Cathedral Mausoleum was standing-room-only as fans of the silent film idol attend this years service.

 

 

 

Tyler Cassity, owner of Hollywood Forever Cemetery, opened the ceremonies

 

 

 

Tracy Ryan Terhune, author of Valentino Forever, was again this years emcee

 

 

 

Sylvia Valentino Huber, the great niece of Rudolph Valentino, delivered remarks from the Valentino family

 

 

 

 

Psychic-medium, Michael J. Kouri provided musical entertainment

 

 

 

Allison Francis read selected poems from “Daydreams” by Rudolph Valentino

 

 

 

Members of the audience enjoy two videos; one a tribute to past participants of the Valentino Memorial and another celebrating the centennial of Universal Studios where Valentino made four films early in his career. A scene from “A Society Sensation (1918) was shown. (Video editing by Frank Labrador Productions)

 

 

 

Mary Mallory, author of “Hollywoodland,” discussed Rudolph Valentino’s Hollywood home

 

 

 

 

Comedian Will Ryan also entertained musically

 

 

 

 

Author Michael Oldham talks about his book, “The Valentino Formula”

 

 

 

Stella Grace, of the Valentino Memorial Committee, closed the service by leading the audience in the 23rd Psalm

 

 

 

 Fans gather in the corridor to pay their respects at Valentino’s crypt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hollywood Forever Cemetery owner, Tyler Cassity and Valentino memorial organizer, Stella Grace discuss next year’s service

 

 

 

Stella Grace and Tracy Ryan Terhune of the Valentino Memorial Committee. Other members include Chanell O Farrill and Marvin Paige.

 _____________________________________

 

Please follow and like us:

My interview on The Gravecast Show

Friday, April 6th, 2012

INTERVIEW

The Gravecast Show: Interview With Allan Ellenberger

 

 

 

Recently I was interviewed by Josh Perry the host of The Gravecast Show Along with his cohost, author and blogger Steve Goldstein, we talked about our mutual interest in celebrity graves, and he also asked about my books, my blogs and cemeteries and graves in general. Please check it out, I hope you enjoy it.

 

 

CLICK HERE TO LISTEN TO MY INTERVIEW WITH JOSH AND STEVE

_______________________________________

 

Please follow and like us:

Missing Hollywoodland plaques finally reported stolen

Saturday, June 4th, 2011

HOLLYWOOD NEWS

Theft of historic ‘Hollywoodland’ signs is finally under investigation

 

Two plaques were pried off the stone gateway to the residential neighborhood below the Hollywood sign in April. The bronze markers said “Hollywoodland Est. 1923.” (Gary Friedman / Los Angeles Times) 

 

Residents tried to report the plaques missing in April, but police are only now launching an investigation. Why? The signs were city property, and the city hadn’t filed a formal crime report.

 

By Bob Pool
Los Angeles Times
June 4, 2011

 

Six weeks after two historic plaques were stolen from the entrance to one of Hollywood’s most famous neighborhoods, Los Angeles police are launching an investigation.

 

The delay was because no one had yet filed a formal crime report about the missing bronze “Hollywoodland Est. 1923” markers, which were pried from the stone gateway to the historic residential area beneath the Hollywood sign.

 

Residents say they attempted to file a theft report on April 16 after they noticed the plaques’ disappearance but were not allowed to because the markers are considered Los Angeles city property.

 

No one from the city filed a report, either.

 

CLICK HERE TO CONTINUE READING

_______________________________________

 

Please follow and like us:

Hollywood Heritage Salutes Hollywoodland

Wednesday, June 1st, 2011

HOLLYWOOD EVENTS

Hollywood Heritage salutes Hollywoodland

 

 

 

Sunday, June 5, 2011 at 7:00 p.m.

Hollywood Heritage Museum

2100 N. Highland Avenue

(across from the Hollywood Bowl)

Hollywood, CA 90068

 www.hollywoodheritage.org

 

Hollywood Heritage will celebrate the release of the book Hollywoodland from Arcadia Publishing with author Mary Mallory and presenting slides, film, and artifacts of Hollywoodland on display in the museum lobby.  Hollywoodland is a visual history of the neighborhood’s development, detailing its construction, amenities, famous homes, residents, movie locations, and one of the world’s most famous icons, the Hollywood Sign. 

 

Ms. Mallory will present a Power Point presentation highlighting chapters in the book, augmented by a clip reel of films shot in Hollywoodland/Beachwood Canyon and screening of rare 1923 archival footage of the Hollywood sign provided by the Moving Image Research Collections (MIRC) at the University of South Carolina. The footage is among more than 200 hours of material in its Fox Movietone News Collection, which experts have described as the world’s most complete moving-image record of American culture in the 1920s. 

 

Established in 1923 by investors Eli P. Clark, M. H. Sherman, Harry  Chandler, and developers Tracy E. Shoults, and S. H. Woodruff, Hollywoodland was the first themed residential development built in the Hollywood foothills.  Beautiful views and elegant homes lent a fairy tale atmosphere to the neighborhood, drawing such famous artists and performers as James M. Cain, Aldous Huxley, Max Steiner, Bela Lugosi, Robert Montgomery, and Madonna as residents. One of the world’s most recognizable icons, the Hollywood Sign, was constructed as a giant billboard promoting the development.

 

About the author: 

Mary Mallory serves as a member of Hollywood Heritage’s Board of Directors, where she acts as a docent for the Hollywood Heritage Museum. She is also a member of the Cultural Affairs Committee of the Studio City Neighborhood Council, which organized the 75th Anniversary of Republic Studios in 2010.  She is a photograph processor at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences’ Margaret Herrick Library, and holds a master’s in film history from the University of Texas at Austin. In addition, Mallory acts as a theatre critic for The Tolucan Times and has appeared on Turner Classic Movies.

 

Admission: 

$5.00 for Hollywood Heritage Members; $10.00 for non-members.

www.hollywoodheritage.org

323-874-2276

 

Free Parking in Lot D. Tickets for this event are also available online with your credit card via Brown Paper Tickets. A nominal fee will be added to the ticket price for this service. Just go to: https://www.brownpapertickets.com/event/176909 for more information. Or call 1-800-838-3006 to reserve tickets over the phone

 ___________________________________

 

Please follow and like us: